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Everything You Need To Know About Expository Essay

Students are tasked to show their writing skills by writing an extraordinary essay or an assignment but when it comes to writing an expository essay, students get confused by how to write a well-organized and structured expository essay. If you are also willing to know about the strategies to write a great one, just read on to find out.

How to Write Expository Essay

What is an Expository Essay?

Expository a derivative of the word “exposition” means to uncover or lay it straight out. An expository essay is a kind of essay that clarifies and explains an idea in a way that readers can understand. The job of the writer is to investigate an idea, evaluate it from every angle, and present the arguments you most believe in. 

What Are The Different Types Of Expository Essay?

The expository essay can be sub-categorized into various types. Let us throw some light on each one of those.

Types of Expository Essay

  1. Descriptive Essays: The major idea behind a descriptive essay is to provide information to the readers. This is usually done by defining a term in a comprehensive manner or clarifying a concept. It usually involves sharing the details of an experience, emotion, place, situation to enhance a student’s writing capabilities.
  2. Classification Essays: This includes organizing a topic into categories. Usually, examples are used to better explain the subject.
  3. Cause/ Effect Essays: It involves sort of an argument to explain the causes of an event on another. The relation between the two concepts has to be identified. In this academic writing type, the writer needs to derive the consequences of the interaction between the two ideas.
  4. Contrast/ Compare Essays: It analyzes different topics to explain the differences or similarities between them or both. The subject could be anything, such as a place, person, object, etc.
  5. Process Essays: As the name suggests, a process essay is a step-wise, detailed explanation of any process. It focuses on providing the required guidance, or instructions. It is meant to help the readers attain a goal.

Expository Essay Topics 

Here are some expository essay topics that you can choose for your next essay assignment:

  1. Explain which public figure you admire and why?
  2. Describe the likely consequences of cheating in exams
  3. Explain why some parents follow the discipline and are strict in nature?
  4. If you had to be a superhero, which one will you be, and why?
  5. Explain why you like the company of a particular friend?
  6. Describe the likely consequences of doing drugs in teenage
  7. Explain why teen moving to a different country or city is a bad idea?
  8. Explain why a teenager getting a driver’s license is a big deal?
  9. Describe how you help your mother at home
  10. Explain how the Internet affects the life of a teenager?

Expository Essay Outline

Here is the expository essay outline 

The introduction includes three parts:

  1. Hook (It will capture a reader’s attention)
  2. Thesis Statement (Stating out your opinion and topic loud & clear)
  3. Detail (Few lines to show how you will cover your main topic)

Body includes:

Paragraph 1: It should include one subtopic under the main topic along with a supporting explanation & example. In the last line summarize or justify the point you were making

Paragraph 2: Write in one sentence a sub-topic relevant to the main topic. Repeat the same process as in paragraph one.

Paragraph 3: Cover the last sub-topic here in one sentence and follow the same process as in paragraph one.

The conclusion includes the following

  1. Mentioning the thesis again and justifying it
  2. Summarizing sub-points and connect them with the main points.

expository essay structure

How to Write an Expository Essay?

Like any other essay type, the expository essay has a 5-paragraph format.

The Purpose Of Expository Essay: What Do We Aim To Achieve?

An expository essay is focused on providing a detailed, yet balanced explanation of the given topic. There is no need to share your personal opinion about the subject. Exposition means to explain, and that is what exactly you have to do. Present a logical, and comprehensive description of the topic you are writing on.

You may elucidate on the topic through examples or arguments. Our ultimate goal is to create a well-written piece of copy that precisely informs the audience about the subject.

While writing an expository essay you must keep these things in mind:

  • What is the purpose of writing?
  • Make sure to present your thoughts in an organized way.
  • Cite evidence to back up your claims.
  • Adapt to thesis writing approach for a clear end result.

How to Start Expository Essay

The first paragraph is dedicated to the Introduction. This is where you include the hook to engage the readers slowly switching to a strong thesis statement. You must share in the introduction what you will cover in your topic or what your argument will be.

Body Structure

Paragraphs 2-4 will be the body where you are supposed to mention your strong points and support them with evidence or reference. It should directly link to the main topic or argument. You can also place quotes in between to make it more interesting.

How to End Expository Essay

Paragraph 5 is for concluding the essay. This place is to tell readers how you have successfully proved or justified your arguments. It is to summarize your main points and avoid any new information here.

Expository Essay Writing Process

The whole process of writing an expository essay needs the following steps:

Pre-writing stage

This stage is reserved for brainstorming ideas that you know well and choosing one on which you can write a complete essay. This is where you also define the main topic to find the best arguments and decide on your thesis.


This is the first draft where you put together a 5-paragraph pattern. You write an introduction with the hook and come up with an argument. You write body paragraphs to support your arguments and conclude everything in the conclusion paragraph. The first draft should have all the information you wish to include along with complete references and citations.

Revising the first draft 

In revision you check your essay for the following points:

  • Are your topic and arguments logically correct and relevantly linked? 
  • Is all the information true and has been explained clearly for the audience?
  • Does your essay contain any unnecessary details, which can take the reader off-topic?
  • Are sentences structured in simple vocabulary and uses a scientific approach?
  • Does your conclusion justify the main topic?


Editing has everything to do with proofreading and plagiarism check. Check for grammar, tenses, and make sure your essay is concise. As far as plagiarism is concerned make sure there a no traces of copied content in your work. There are a lot of tools available online for grammar and plagiarism checks. 

What Are The Benefits Of Expository Writing?

When a reader seeks any kind of information as they want to learn more about a topic, well-explained written copies are the best way to go.

In expository writing, information is shared in a properly structured format, which is easily understandable. Data presented in expository writing holds great value for clarifying the point a writer wants to convey. It is a more straightforward style of writing which leaves no room for ambiguity in the reader’s mind. Also, the writers use examples and arguments in a logical manner. All these factors make the delivery powerful.

One of the main advantages of an expository essay is that it is not written with a motive. The writer is not trying to convince the readers to accept a point. The information shared is usually supported with claims from credible sources. The writer only presents the facts. No opinions are imposed on the readers, so the information shared is unbiased. Expository essay writing is a great skill for fields such as business, science, journalism, and even professionally. Here are some of the advantages of an expository essay:

  • Research: Expository writing requires extensive research and evaluation work. This enhances your knowledge as a writer and adds to the skill-set.
  • Critical Thinking: This type of writing involves deep critical thinking exercises on the topic, which helps you develop a better assessment ability.
  • Clarity In Expression: Presenting all the information collected from different resources in a concise, and clear manner improves your writing approach.
  • Organizational Skills: It trains your mind to structure your ideas, and write them with logic. All the research and outlining work improve your time-management skills.

Point Of View Requirements: Expository Essay Writing

An expository essay is written keeping third-person in the point of view. Hence, “he, she, it, they” pronouns should be used to describe the objective of writing.

Our aim is to explain to the reader our topic with the relevant information. The gathered data and facts are used to bring credibility to the subject.

If the writer is sharing a personal experience, then first-person, “I, me”, or second-person, “You” could be used. So, the usage of POV is dependent entirely on the assignment, and the way you want to present it.

Expository Essay Examples 

Example #1: Harry and Draco: Not As Different as They Seem

“I really don’t think they should let the other sort in, do you? They’re just not the same, they’ve never been brought up to know our ways. Some of them have never even heard of Hogwarts until they get the letter, imagine. I think they should keep it in the old wizarding families.” (Rowling 61) 

(Ref: https://examples.yourdictionary.com/)

Example #2: Learning to Read (by Malcolm X)

“It was because of the letters that I happened to stumble upon starting to acquire some kind of a homemade education.
I became increasingly frustrated at not being able to express what I wanted to convey in letters that I wrote, especially those to Mr Elijah Muhammad. In the street, I had been the most articulate hustler out there. I had commanded attention when I said something. But now, trying to write simple English, I not only wasn’t articulate, but I also wasn’t even functional. How would I sound writing in slang, the way I would say it, something such as, ‘Look, daddy, let me pull your coat about a cat, Elijah Muhammad — ‘
Many who today hear me somewhere in person, or on television, or those who read something I’ve said, will think I went to school far beyond the eighth grade. This impression is due entirely to my prison studies.”

(Ref: https://literarydevices.net/expository-essay/ )


An expository essay is all about explaining a topic in detail by clarifying or exposing a thing, person, or place. The whole idea is to pass on complete information to the readers in a fun and interesting way. If you need an Essay Writing Service then you can order at Writing My Essay.


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